At this point you probably decided to start building a website. Before proceeding, I assume you already purchased a domain name together with a web hosting service. In this tutorial, I will guide you how to give your website its own domain name – technically, how to point your domain name to a web host in simple steps.
A website is analogous to a business entity. Consider your website as a business, your web host as the building where you are renting a space to operate, and your domain name as your business name. First, you register your business name, similar to registering a domain name. Then, you’ll find a place or a space which serves as your business’ workplace, the same as a web host which provides web space for files of your website.
Connecting your domain name to a web host is a simple and easy task to set-up your website. Since a website is reachable over the internet, your website should reside on computers that are “always” connected on the Internet. These types of computers are called web servers. In practice, commercial web hosting service providers provides these web servers, peripherals and Internet connections.
Here are three easy steps in linking your domain name to your website.
1.) Gather Items that You Need in Building a Website
After collecting all what you need in creating a website, it’s time to gear them up to start your website. If you are not yet familiar with the things needed to build a website, you may read our posts about the 3 basic needs before starting a website and the things needed to build a website. Before you go forward with this procedure, it is required that you have at least:
a.) Registered your domain name – if you haven’t registered your domain name yet, register your domain name to a domain name registrar (e.g. GoDaddy) or check out the article “What You Need to Build a Website” to learn supplementary topics regarding domain names and domain name registration.
b.) Signed-up for a web hosting service – or if you haven’t signed-up for a web host service yet, you may read “What You Need to Build a Website” to learn additional ideas on choosing the right web hosting services and web hosts for your website.
The services that you are paying to the web host include a web space where you place all related files for your website. In point of fact, that web space has an address so that visitors can access it on the Internet. This address, widely known as IP address, technically has this combination of numbers which are separated by dots (e.g. 188.8.131.520 for IPv4) or colons (e.g. f012:8db8:ffff:2:302:04fe:ef04:0607 for IPv6). Servers and computers interpret these numbers based on certain protocols.
Naturally, we don’t want to remember all our favorite websites by memorizing all these sequences of numbers. For that reason, a domain name (e.g. www.domainname.com) is basically used to provide a more human-readable name to that long numeric address. Obviously, it is much easier to remember an address if it is consists of letters and numbers in a meaningful way. After all, it is more effective to have a domain name that is easy to remember than a cryptic name.
2.) Obtain and List Your Web Host’s Nameservers
Next is to obtain the list of “Nameservers” or “DNS Servers” from your web host. Domain name servers are systems that interpret your domain name to the actual address of your website. It transforms your domain name to a proper sequence of numbers which are understandable by computers.
For example, when you type our domain name “www.blogsdb.com” into your web browser, in order to display the website of BlogsDB, the browser needs to recognize the actual address of this website. The Internet does not actually use names for addresses, but a series of numbers called IP addresses. Nameservers translate domain names to its actual numeric IP address used by computers and other related peripherals on the Internet.
The list of nameservers will regularly look like ns1.example.com, ns2.example.com, and so on, where “example.com” will most likely be replaced by another domain name used by your web host for their servers.
Usually, when you have purchased a web hosting service package, your web host will send you an email containing your nameserver information together with additional necessary details of your web host. Your web hosting service provider may send you two or more nameserver addresses. Take note all these names because you will need to provide these names, into your registrar’s system.
3.) Put these Nameservers on Your Domain Registrar
At this moment, you should have the list of nameservers from your web host. You will find your domain name on your registrar’s domain manager.
a.) Log in to your domain name registrar account. Find the options or settings for your domains. It could be named “Domain Name Manager” or somewhat similar. At GoDaddy, it is labeled simply as “DOMAINS”. You can see the list of your domain names there.
b.) Find the domain name for which you want to set the name servers. Click that domain name to get to the settings page.
c.) On your domain name settings page, find the Nameservers button. It is common to most registrars to have a “Manage DNS” menu link, or a “DNS” button, or a “Nameservers” button or text link. Find and click for this link or button.
d.) If you did the previous steps correctly, then look for text links or buttons that indicates “DNS” or “Name Servers” or “Nameservers” and offers several options whether to “set” or “change” or “manage” or “edit” it or something similar.
e.) After you found the right page to set your nameservers, perhaps you will see a form that lets you enter things like your first nameserver, second nameserver, and so on. An example of what it may look like is shown in the image below.
f.) Input your first nameserver from your list, typically the name beginning with “ns1“, into the “Nameserver 1” field. Then type your second nameserver, the name beginning with “ns2“, into the “Nameserver 2” field, your third nameserver with “ns3”, into the “Nameserver 3” field, and so on. If you’re web host gave you more than three nameservers, then you can add more field by clicking the “Add more” button as seen on the image above. Fill-up all these fields and you’re done.
g.) You should also receive an email from your domain name registrar that notifies a request of changing the name servers for your domain name. For your information, newly bought domain name are temporarily pointed to a server hosted by your domain registrar.
The steps that we have done in with a registrar such as GoDaddy.com will probably be similar to other registrar’s set-up page. Hence, if you have registered to a different domain name registrar, the procedures I stated above should also work well with it. Finally! Your website has its own domain name now.
After you pointed your domain name to your web host with the steps above, you have to wait for two or more days before you can access your website (that is, an empty website on your web host) using your domain name. This is because it takes time for the Internet and or web servers around the world to propagate or discover your domain name together with the IP address.
You now have a website which has its own domain name and accessible online, how’s that? It’s like having a real estate property on cyberspace. Now, while waiting for your website to propagate on the web, the next thing to do is to learn how to create a web page for your website.
- Author Bio -
I am Samith Jhon a content writer and a Professional Blogger. I am certified with 00M-643 Exam which is very popular these days and have a great scope in the field of IT Certification. I always like to take certification exams and now I have planned to pass 000-280 Exam. These kinds of exams could secure your future as well as your job.